Spouse and unmarried minor children (under the age of 21 years) are eligible to accompany the L1 visa holder on L2 visa. As L2 visa is a dependent visa, the duration of valid stay is the same as that of the L1 visa holder. That is, up to 7 years in case of dependents of L1A visa and up to 5 years in case of dependents of L1B visa. L2 visa holders are allowed to travel in and out of the U.S. provided their L2 visa status and L2 visa stamp remain valid.
L2 visa holders are permitted to attend school either part-time or fulltime.
Change of Status
L2 visa holders are allowed to change their non-immigrant status to others such as B1, B2, H1, H4 (provided the primary visa holder will be on H1 visa) or even L1.
In case you decide to change your status to H1 visa or L visa later, the time you have already spent in the U.S. on L2 visa will not be counted towards the maximum duration allowed on H1B visa or L visa.
If the primary visa holder changes the status from H1 visa to L1 visa, the dependents are allowed to change the status from H4 visa to L2 visa.
L 2 Visa Extension
If the immediate family members of the L1 visa holder are already in the U.S., they can seek change of status to or extension of stay in L2 status by filing Form I539.
When the L1 visa holder applies for the green card, L2 visa holders can also be included in that process and can apply for adjustment of status in the U.S. or immigrant visa outside the U.S.
As long as you are on a valid L2 visa status, after applying for Adjustment of Status, you don’t need to apply for Advance Parole in order to enter back into the U.S.
It is recommended that the spouse and dependent children go for their visa interview at the same time as the principal applicant.
Some people who come to the U.S. on L1 visa would like to bring their parents along with them, possibly on L2 visa. Reasons given are sometimes like I am the only son, and there is no one to take care of my elderly parents and it is my duty to do so. Or my father has passed away and my widow mother would be left all alone in India. My parents are completely dependent upon me etc.
However, in the U.S., parents are not considered your dependents. Not at least for L2 or any other dependent visa purposes. Therefore, your parents may visit you for a short time occasionally on a visitor’s visa. However, they cannot stay for all the time you will be in the U.S. on L1 visa. If they make frequent visits and have excessive stays, that is not consistent with the purpose of visitor’s visa, and they would face trouble entering the U.S. in the future. You will need to decide whether you would like to leave them in your home country and work in the U.S. or continue to do the job in your home country so that you can stay with your parents. However, there is no provision in the U.S. law to make exceptions for you, no matter what your situation is.